whole_BeasleyMargaret2001_thesis.pdf (3.73 MB)
Resilience in response to life stress : the effects of coping style and cognitive hardiness on the psychological health of mature age students
thesisposted on 2023-05-27, 08:40 authored by Beasley, M
This review evaluates the literature concerning individual differences in response to adverse life events, with a particular focus on the factors and mechanisms that may be protective or buffer an individual against the negative effects of life stress. The review examines gender and life span differences in the life stress/psychological and physical health equation, and examines the role of turning points in changing adaptational trajectories in life. It is argued that research should focus on protective mechanisms which may be developed through successful engagement with adversity, rather than on protective factors, which are more likely to be a 'given' and not open to change. It is argued that protective mechanisms (such as coping style) are processes amenable to intervention, and that their study can extend our knowledge of the promotion of resilience. The review focusses on three possible protective mechanisms: coping style, cognitive hardiness and explanatory style, and the two models which have been suggested to test such variables: the main and buffer effects models. Finally, implications for clinical and educational intervention are discussed, and suggestions are made for future research concerning the promotion of resilient outcomes.
Rights statementCopyright 2001 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s). Thesis (M.Psych.)--University of Tasmania, 2001. Includes bibliographical references