University of Tasmania
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Science fiction texts, gender and transformation

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posted on 2023-05-27, 10:35 authored by Coleman, MJ
This research reignites the debates on gender in education and how constructions of gender can be transformed within texts. It analyses the gendered constructions, which are present in students' science fiction texts and how students use transformative critical thinking to challenge and change those gendered constructions. Transformative analysis questions (Rowan, 2001) are used by students to question and deconstruct the gendered constructions in science fiction texts. The literature review examines how popular culture and science fiction texts construct gender. It then explores critical literacy pedagogy and the transformative analysis questions approach by Rowan (2001). Poststructuralist feminist theory frames the research design and analysis. This research uses constructivist grounded theory (Charmaz, 2000, 2005, 2006) and critical discourse analysis (Fairclough, 1992, 2001, 2009) to code and analyse gender in Version 1 and Version 2 of the Students' Science Fiction Texts. The discourses were examined using critical discourse analysis (Fairclough, 1992, 2001, 2009). The dominant discourses of Version 1 and 2 of the Students' Science Fiction Texts were explored to view how students constructed gender in traditional hegemonic ways. Two dominant discourses were explored for transformation. A major finding of this research was that students transformed their versions of gender in their texts. Using Rowan's (2001) transformative analysis questions on science fiction texts, through the teaching of a unit of work, demonstrated the students' ability to deconstruct and transform texts The unit of work using a critical literacy/transformational pedagogy proved a valuable way to teach students how texts can be transformed in socially equitable ways. This research suggests the need for further research to be undertaken to explore gendered constructions using critical literacy pedagogies in schools.


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