University of Tasmania
whole_HobbyAndreaCherie2000.pdf (10.89 MB)

Sex steroid binding proteins in fish

Download (10.89 MB)
posted on 2023-05-26, 17:52 authored by Hobby, AC
A sex steroid binding protein (SBP) binding E2 with high affinity has been detected in the pleuronectid greenback flounder (Rhombosolea tapirina), the sparids black bream (Acanthopagrus butcheri) and snapper (Pagrus auratus), and its presence has been confirmed in the salmonid rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). SBP binding characteristics were measured using a hot saturation assay for trout, bream and snapper and a cold saturation assay for flounder. Bound and unbound steroid were separated by incubation with dextran-coated charcoal (DCC). Affinity for E2 was highest in trout (kD=0.44 nM), followed by bream (kD=3.39 nM) and snapper (kD=10.7 nM). The lowest affinity was found in flounder (kD=84.7 nM). Binding capacity, however, was greatest in flounder (Bmax=164 nM), followed by trout (Bmax=92 nM), and then bream and snapper (Bmax=50 and 39 nM, respectively). Binding of E2 to SBP had a very rapid rate of association, and most dissociation occurred within 5 min. To confirm that the plasma protein measured here was SBP, the relative binding affinities of SBP for a range of steroids was measured. In trout, bream and snapper, SBP bound E2 with the highest affinity, followed by T. In contrast, flounder SBP bound T more than twice as strongly as E2. The rank orders of affinity of binding indicate the importance of an unhindered 17˜í‚â§-hydroxyl group, and a 3-hydroxyl or 3-ketone group for high affinity binding to SBP. These requirements for high affinity binding are present in most animals possessing SBP and indicate conservation of the SBP molecule through evolution. The presence of seasonal changes in SBP binding characteristics was investigated in female trout, bream and flounder. The binding capacity of trout and bream SBP was significantly greater in vitellogenic than non-reproductive stage fish. A decrease in binding affinity was found in male trout injected with E2 compared to control fish. This difference was removed by partial purification of SBP by gel filtration, and may have resulted from competitive inhibition of E2 binding by vitellogenin. No differences in flounder SBP were found. The effect of short term confinement stress on SBP binding characteristics was examined in female bream, and trout. Confinement of bream for 6 h (but not 1 or 24 h) after capture significantly reduced the binding capacity of SBP. No significant differences in binding characteristics were detected in trout after 5 h confinement, or at 3 and 6 h after treatment with either cortisol or saline, although binding capacity tended to be lower in fish treated with cortisol rather than saline at 6 h post-injection. Relative binding studies indicated that plasma cortisol at concentrations 100x or more greater than plasma E2 may displace E2 from SBP in bream. Physiological levels of cortisol did not displace E2 from SBP in trout. The results presented here predominantly support the idea of SBP as a steroid reservoir, protecting and transporting E2 and/or T to target tissues. However, binding characteristics of SBP differ between species and changes of SBP with reproductive development are not consistent. This suggests that the either the role of SBP in reproduction may not be profound, it may be important in a way not investigated in the present study, or SBP may have a role that differs in some way between different species.


Publication status

  • Unpublished

Rights statement

Copyright 2000 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s). Thesis (PhD )--University of Tasmania, 2000. Includes bibliographical references

Repository Status

  • Open

Usage metrics

    Thesis collection


    No categories selected


    Ref. manager