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Solid Waste Management in Vientiane, Lao PDR
thesisposted on 2023-05-26, 13:46 authored by Khotpathoum, V
The substantial growth in research into solid waste management in developed countries is well documented. However, the management and practices of solid waste in developing countries are not so well-known. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to focus on solid waste management in Vientiane Municipality, in Lao PDR, a developing country, and to learn from the experience of managing solid waste in Australia, a developed country. Firstly, this thesis examines the general issues and solid waste management strategies in Australia, followed by Australian policy and legislative frameworks for solid waste management. Secondly, the study investigates the current issues, legislation and solid waste management practices in Vientiane, Lao PDR. A survey of solid waste management in Vientiane Municipality focuses on the Vientiane Urban Development Administrative Agency (VUDAA), two private waste contractors, and householders. The research methodology consisted of two survey questionnaires. The first was administered to the VUDAA and two private sector providers, and the other to 102 households in both urban and rural areas. The survey results show that solid waste management practices in Laos are still inadequate, with poorly serviced households, inappropriate landfill management, weak financial status, and low community awareness. I argue that solid waste managers and households in Laos can learn from Australian waste management practices in order to improve their solid waste management practices.
Department/SchoolSchool of Geography, Planning and Spatial Sciences
PublisherUniversity of Tasmania