University of Tasmania
whole_CordonneryLaurence1997_thesis.pdf (19.6 MB)

The implementation of the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty : the interplay between law and environmental management

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posted on 2023-05-27, 08:39 authored by Cordonnery, Laurence
This thesis argues the need to reinforce the legal basis for environmental protection in Antarctica through an analysis of the provisions contained in the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty. An alternative to overcome the current deficiencies of the Protocol is provided through evidenced based information documenting the spatial dimension of the issues at stake. The relevance of using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for gathering and analysing such information is demonstrated through a case study which provides a methodology for implementing the criteria listed in the Protocol with respect to protected areas designation. The aim of the research is to integrate the analytical methods of several academic disciplines, namely international environmental law, political science, environmental studies and geographical information systems technology, in order to address the issues associated with the implementation of the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty. The first part of the thesis analyses the legal and political obstacles to a standardised implementation of the Protocol along with the weaknesses contained in some of the provisions of the Protocol. The key role of the Committee for Environmental Protection (CEP) in the implementation process is emphasised in parallel with that of the Scientific Committee and the Commission of the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR). CCAMLR is analysed as an institutional precedent within the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) and as a model for the institutionalisation of the CEP. The second part of this thesis analyses the potential relevance of decision support tools such as GIS to the operation of the CEP. The analysis emphasises the use of GIS for developing the new protected area system detailed in Annex V of the Protocol. It relies upon precedents within International and Antarctic Organisations which have recently adopted GIS technology for environmental management purposes. The third part of this thesis develops a methodology for interpreting and applying criteria for the designation of protected areas listed in Annex V. This methodology focuses upon the use of GIS applied to a case study area, the Windmill Islands, East Antarctica, where fieldwork was undertaken during the summer 1995-1996. The case study casts light upon the potential of GIS techniques for the implementation of the provisions of the Protocol. The thesis concludes that the current provisions of the Protocol are insufficient to ensure its standardised implementation throughout Antarctica. The concluding part outlines the benefits of the GIS methodology developed in the case study and advocates its implementation within the institutional context detailed in this thesis, wherein the CEP would play a central role. Recommendations are formulated in which the limitations of the case study outcomes are noted, as are the improvements needed for GIS's full potential for environmental management purposes to be realised.


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Copyright 1997 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s). Library has additional copy on microfiche. Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Tasmania, 1998. Includes bibliographical references

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