University of Tasmania
whole_GistituatiNurhizrah2000_thesis.pdf (21.77 MB)

The strength of Minangkabau identity among the first year Minangkabau senior high school girls : a study at SMU2 Padang, SMU 11 Padang and SMU Sungai Tarab, Tanah Datar, Sumatra Barat, Indonesia

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posted on 2023-05-26, 23:35 authored by Gistituati, N
The study reported in this thesis is an investigation of the strength of Minangkabau identity among first-year senior high school girls of Minangkabau ethnicity in West Sumatra. The purpose of this study is to determine the level of commitment among the sample to an ethnic heritage; to identify areas of strength and weakness in self-identification as Minangkabau; and to explore some background reasons for variance in commitment to Minangkabau identity in different school communities. The school communities include one (Darek) located in Minangkabau heartland and two (Rantau land Rantau 2) in rantau areas of West Sumatra. Rantau names areas where Minangkabau people live that are outside the core clan territories of the Minangkabau, which are darek. The two rantau schools were selected to represent two different socio-economic communities so that socio-economic factors could be examined in relation to variance. The study is a quantatitive one using survey research. The questionnaire instrument was substantially developed for the project and extensively reviewed and pre-tested. Data were ended into SPSS Version 9 and analyzed by parametric and non-parametric procedures. The questionnaire draws on Minangkabau adat (custom and customary law) aesthetic tradition and gendered ideals for its construct of Minangkabau identity. It also includes alternative identities to form a basis of comparison, namely identity as Indonesian and global, youth identity. The study found that some aspects of Minangkabau identity are weaker than others among all respondents, while some are relatively weaker only among the Rantau 1 respondents. Overall, the Rantau 1 girls showed less attachment to Minangkabau identity than the Rantau 2 and Darek girls; and stronger orientation to a globalized youth identity. This study also found that socio-economic background ‚ÄövÑvÆ parental education and occupation ‚ÄövÑvÆ has a significant effect on attachment to Minangkabau identity. The study concluded with recommendations for the future development of curriculum policy in West Sumatra in the area of Budaya Alain Minangkabau, the \local content\" of the national curriculum for the preservation of indigenous cultures in Indonesia."


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Copyright 1999 the author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s). Thesis (EdD)--University of Tasmania, 2000. Includes bibliographical references

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