University Of Tasmania

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Transition to secondary school: Student achievement and teacher practice

posted on 2023-05-27, 08:44 authored by Hopwood, B
This research explored the impact that transition, the move students make from Year 6 to Year 7, had upon adolescent students‚ÄövÑvº reading and spelling achievement. The research also sought to investigate teachers‚ÄövÑvº perceptions of the transition phase. Based on Vygotsky‚ÄövÑvºs socio-cognitive learning theory and his notion of a student‚ÄövÑvºs zone of proximal development (ZPD), the study was guided by six research questions. Three questions explored the impact of transition on students‚ÄövÑvº literacy achievement as determined by the Progressive Achievement Test in Reading (PAT-R) and the Single Word Spelling Test (SWST). These included an exploration of the type of transition students undertook (internal transition, staying on the same campus or external transition, changing school campuses) and school socioeconomic status (SES). Three questions were also asked to gather data about the types of programs and practices teachers were using to teach literacy and prepare students for the transition into secondary school. Ten coeducational government schools from the state of Tasmania were chosen for the research. A combination of primary, secondary and district schools from both rural and urban areas were included. Two groups of participants were included in the investigation: students and teachers. Student participants consisted of 244 adolescents, who ranged in age from 11 to 13 years old. A total of 19 teachers from primary, secondary and district schools constituted the second participant group. The research took place over three phases. In phase 1, students completed the PAT-R and SWST whilst in their final year of primary school (Year 6). In phase 2, students completed the PAT-R and the SWST for a second time after they had transitioned to secondary school (Year 7); and in phase 3, teacher participants undertook a series of one-on-one interviews with the researcher. Data were analysed using a mixed methods approach. Students‚ÄövÑvº test data were analysed quantitatively using a series of statistical analyses, including ANOVA and MANOVA tests. The analysis revealed that, for the overall cohort, students‚ÄövÑvº PAT-R scores significantly declined from Year 6 to Year 7. In comparison, students‚ÄövÑvº SWST scores remained steady from Year 6 to Year 7. Students from only one school experienced increases in both their PAT-R and SWST scores across transition. Teacher participant data were analysed qualitatively using a modified approach to thematic analysis, and three common patterns emerged from this analysis. The results revealed that teachers from separate primary and secondary school campuses engaged in less communication than teachers from district schools. Primary and secondary school teachers also perceived a greater lack of curriculum continuity and awareness between Year 6 and Year 7 than district school teachers. All teacher participants stated that an increase in teacher support was needed to enhance the transition experience for students. In conclusion, this study presents three distinctive contributions to the understanding of the primary to secondary transition. First, attention needs to be paid to the transition phase and the impact this can have upon students‚ÄövÑvº literacy achievement. Second, greater communication and increased levels of curriculum continuity and awareness are needed between primary and secondary school campus teachers. Finally, an increase in teacher support is needed to enable teachers to promote and support successful transition experiences.


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