whole_YeSu-Ke1996_thesis.pdf (12.73 MB)
Welfare configuration : the East Asian NICs and OECD countries compared
thesisposted on 2023-05-27, 15:06 authored by Ye, Su-Ke
This thesis examines, comparatively, patterns of welfare provisions in the East Asian NICs (newly industrialising countries) and the OECD (the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries. It is based on the analysis of secondary data. The concept of 'the welfare state' is historically and culturally specific. It has been used for a half century, but such usage is inconsistent. Most analytical approaches to the development of 'the welfare state' do not capture the dynamics of the relationship between the state and civil society because the concept of 'the welfare state' is used in a static manner. If we wish to understand the development of welfare in the East Asian NICs a better analytic concept is that of 'welfare configuration'. It covers both the services provided by the state, and by various sectors of civil society. The study compares welfare configurations in the East Asian NICs and selected OECD countries with specific reference to education and child care provisions. Particular attention, is paid to historical developments and changing social, economic and cultural forces. Four models of welfare configurations are suggested, taking into consideration: (a) type of welfare (education, child care etc.); (b) changes in welfare provision over time; and (c) government policy. It is argued that different welfare configurations are a result of different relationships between the state and civil society. The low involvement of the state in welfare in the East Asian NICs in comparison with the OECD countries is a function of a weaker civil society and stronger state power in those countries. This differential strength of civil society is related to the historical development of these nations and their geopolitical location.
Rights statementCopyright 1996 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s). Examines and compares patterns of welfare provisions in the newly industrialising countries of East Asia and OECD countries. It covers both the service provided by the state, and by various sectors of civil society. Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Tasmania, 1996. Includes bibliographical references. Examines and compares patterns of welfare provisions in the newly industrialising countries of East Asia and OECD countries. It covers both the service provided by the state, and by various sectors of civil society