University Of Tasmania
Warman_whole_thesis.pdf (4.4 MB)

When timber production comes out of the woods : post‚ÄövÑv™forestry states in wood and forest socioecological systems

Download (4.4 MB)
posted on 2023-05-27, 10:42 authored by Russell WarmanRussell Warman
Wood production is changing from extraction out of natural forests to cultivation of wood that is increasingly agricultural in nature. This has significant implications for wood/forest socio‚ÄövÑv™ecological systems. This thesis takes a multidisciplinary approach to examine the socio‚ÄövÑv™political, biophysical and cultural/discursive dimensions of change in these systems. A heuristically derived model of three sequential states, or conditions, of wood/forest socioecological systems is developed. The model challenges the historical integration of wood production and forest management exemplified by the institutions of 'forestry' with their inherent wood/forest nexus. This provides a conceptual frame to support analysis of system change and its influences. Research here shows that global wood production from natural forests peaked in 1989, with cultivated wood sources making up an increased portion of the world's wood production since. This change allows growing demand for non‚ÄövÑv™wood values from extensive forests to be met. The institutions of stewardship forestry were founded on normative ideals of sustainable systems in long term equilibrium. However, these occur within rapidly evolving social contexts and changing values. This creates considerable tension within wood/forest socio‚ÄövÑv™ecological systems and their institutions and governance, notably, a tension between increasingly unviable attempts at adaptation of existing systems and the potential transformation of systems to new states. Transformation, however, requires willingness to consider post‚ÄövÑv™forestry conditions, such as integration of wood cultivation into landscape approaches, rather than the forest‚ÄövÑv™centric approach of stewardship forestry, and increasing management of extensive forests for non‚ÄövÑv™wood values in the absence of wood production.


Publication status

  • Unpublished

Rights statement

Copyright 2017 the author Section 3.1.6 and chapter 6 appear to be the equivalent of post-print portions of an article published as: Warman, R. D., Nelson, R. A., Forest conservation, wood production intensification and leakage: An Australian case, Land use policy, 52, 353-362 Chapter 5 appears to be the equivalent of a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Biodiversity and conservation. The final authenticated version is available online at: The author notes that \In the month before finalising this thesis the analysis was updated to reflect an extra three years FAO data that had become available since the paper was written in 2013. Chapter 7 appears to be the equivalent of a post print version of an article published as: Warman R. 2016. Decentralization and forestry in the Indonesian archipelago: beyond the big bang South East Asia research 24(1) 23-40 Appendix D appears to be the equivalent of a post print version of an article published as: Lucas C. Warman R. 2018. Disrupting polarized discourses: Can we get out of the ruts of environmental conflicts? Environment and planning C: Politics and space published online first 16 May 2018"

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Usage metrics

    Thesis collection


    No categories selected